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Lead and Lag functions in SQL Server 2012
 
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In this video we will discuss about Lead and Lag functions. Lead and Lag functions Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Lead function is used to access subsequent row data along with current row data Lag function is used to access previous row data along with current row data ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional Syntax LEAD(Column_Name, Offset, Default_Value) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAG(Column_Name, Offset, Default_Value) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) Offset - Number of rows to lead or lag. Default_Value - The default value to return if the number of rows to lead or lag goes beyond first row or last row in a table or partition. If default value is not specified NULL is returned. We will use the following Employees table for the examples in this video SQL Script to create the Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 1000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 2000) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 3000) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 6000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 8000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 9000) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 9500) Go Lead and Lag functions example WITHOUT partitions : This example Leads 2 rows and Lags 1 row from the current row. When you are on the first row, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) allows you to move forward 2 rows and retrieve the salary from the 3rd row. When you are on the first row, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) allows us to move backward 1 row. Since there no rows beyond row 1, Lag function in this case returns the default value -1. When you are on the last row, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) allows you to move forward 2 rows. Since there no rows beyond the last row 1, Lead function in this case returns the default value -1. When you are on the last row, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) allows us to move backward 1 row and retrieve the salary from the previous row. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS Lead_2, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS Lag_1 FROM Employees Lead and Lag functions example WITH partitions : Notice that in this example, Lead and Lag functions return default value if the number of rows to lead or lag goes beyond first row or last row in the partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) OVER (PARTITION By Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS Lead_2, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) OVER (PARTITION By Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS Lag_1 FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lead-and-lag-functions-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lead-and-lag-functions-in-sql-server_5.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 46962 kudvenkat
Lead , Lag ,  First Value , Last Value ,  Keep First , Keep Last | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali
 
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Lead , Lag , First Value , Last Value , Keep First , Keep Last in Oracle SQL | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] ►Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5.Share Video's of each and every session. Check The Below Links: ►For Course Reg : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/
Views: 8154 Naresh i Technologies
Oracle Analytical functions Sum , Lead , Lag and Avg
 
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This video tutorial explains Oracle Analytical functions further continuing from my previous video. We demonstrate practical usage of these functions with examples. For Software used in the video refer : www.querylight.in
Views: 2888 Query Light
Oracle LAG & LEAD Functions / Arabic
 
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--The LAG function is used to access data from a previous row --LAG (value_expression [,offset] [,default]) OVER ([query_partition_clause] order_by_clause) --value_expression - Can be a column or a built-in function, except for other analytic functions. --offset - The number of rows preceeding/following the current row, from which the data is to be retrieved. The default value is 1. --default - The value returned if the offset is outside the scope of the window. The default value is NULL. -- The LEAD function is used to return data from the next row. --LEAD (value_expression [,offset] [,default]) OVER ([query_partition_clause] order_by_clause)
Views: 609 khaled alkhudari
Oracle Performance Tuning - Lead and Lag
 
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A brief overview about Lead and Lag analytic function in Oracle
Views: 1274 Saurabh Kumar
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions - Lag and Lead
 
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Another video brought to you by BeardedDev, bringing you tutorials on Business Intelligence, SQL Programming and Data Analysis. In this video I talk about using Lag and Lead in Windows Functions. This video covers the requirements to pass the exam: If you would like to follow along with the tutorial please run the SQL below: IF OBJECT_ID(N'dbo.Sales', N'U') IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE dbo.Sales; GO CREATE TABLE dbo.Sales ( Sales_Id INT NOT NULL IDENTITY(1, 1) CONSTRAINT PK_Sales_Sales_Id PRIMARY KEY , Sales_Customer_Id INT NOT NULL , Sales_Date DATETIME2 NOT NULL , Sales_Amount DECIMAL (16, 2) NOT NULL ) INSERT INTO dbo.Sales (Sales_Customer_Id, Sales_Date, Sales_Amount) VALUES (1, '20180102', 54.99) , (1, '20180103', 72.99) , (1, '20180104', 34.99) , (1, '20180115', 29.99) , (1, '20180121', 67.00) Lag and Lead are useful for performing trend analysis, in the example I show how we can display a customer spending trend. Lag will show the previous value. Lead will show the next value. Lag and Lead accept multiple parameters as demonstrated in the video: LAG([Column], [Offset], [Value if NULL]) The example of LAG and LEAD in the video can be shown by executing the below SQL query: SELECT Sales_Customer_Id , Sales_Date , LAG(Sales_Amount, 2, 0) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Customer_Id ORDER BY Sales_Date) AS PrevValue , Sales_Amount , LEAD(Sales_Amount, 2, 0) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Customer_Id ORDER BY Sales_Date) AS NextValue FROM dbo.Sales Please feel free to post comments.
Views: 1151 BeardedDev
Partitioning in Oracle Explained with Real project Examples : Introduction
 
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This Video series will explain partitioning and its use cases referencing real project examples from different domain. It will explain what when and why of partitioning in a simple but elaborate manner. This is the 1st video which explains why partitioning is required and what are the advantages we gain from it. The following videos will explain when should we do it and how.
Views: 18235 Tech Coach
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions
 
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Another fantastic SQL Tutorial brought to you by BeardedDev. In this video we begin to explore Window Functions and their purpose within SQL Server. Window Functions are used for performing data analysis calculations and address an important need compared to the GROUP BY clause that we are able to return the underlying data in the same query. This video shows an example of the differences between the GROUP BY clause and Window Functions. Window Functions were first introduced in SQL Server 2005 but further enhancements and support was added in SQL Server 2012. We look at the OVER clause and PARTITION BY. Window Functions can only be included within SELECT or ORDER BY clauses. Functions Available: Aggregate - COUNT, SUM, MIN, MAX, AVG Offset - FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE, LEAD, LAG Statistical - PERCENT_RANK, CUME_DIST, PERCENTILE_CONT, PERCENTILE_DIST Windows Functions also have FRAMES ROWS RANGE Window Functions are a powerful tool within SQL Server and I am excited to bring more videos and tutorials working with Window Functions in the future. Code: WITH CTE AS ( SELECT Sales_Id , SUM(Line_Total) AS Total FROM Sales_Details GROUP BY Sales_Id ) SELECT * FROM CTE AS A INNER JOIN Sales_Details AS B ON A.Sales_Id = B.Sales_Id SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Item , Price , Quantity , Line_Total , COUNT(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Line_Count , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Sales_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Date) AS Daily_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER() AS Total FROM Sales_Details ORDER BY Sales_Total
Views: 7525 BeardedDev
Oracle Partition By clause, Oracle Analytic Functions tutorial
 
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More about analytic functions, visit http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com Oracle Analytic Functions and Over By Partition clause enable calculating cumulative and moving aggregates returning multiple rows for each group.
What is LAG Function in Oracle
 
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What is LAG Function in Oracle How to Get Previous Record in SQL How to Get Previous Salary in Oracle SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 208 TechLake
Analytical Functions in oracle explained with real examples
 
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This video explains analytical functions and how they are implemented in real projects. Analytical functions are somewhat similar to aggregate functions,but they offer much more. Why use analytical function ? They allow you to write fast and concise queries which otherwise will involve self join and long processing times They allow you to perform aggregate functions independently on sets of partitions. You can access values from previous rows in current row and you can restrict the window on which you want to apply this analytical function. I have given additional practice exercises along with the dataset so that you can comfortably work with analytical functions. You can find the sample problems along with dataset in the below link. http://www.internshipsfromhome.com/oracle-analytical-functions-ddl-and-dml/
Views: 14069 Tech Coach
exchange Partition , Move partition in oracle
 
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exchange Partition , Move partition in oracle Possible operations with partitions SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial Add Drop Rename Split Move ( Moving from Tablespace to tablespace) Exchange (Table to Table(non Partitioned table)) not partitioned only exchanging data (p)
Views: 934 TechLake
LEAD, LAG in SQL Server
 
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Click here to Subscribe to IT PORT Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMjmoppveJ3mwspLKXYbVlg From SQL Server 2012, this feature enhanced to OVER Windowing Functions Accesses data from a subsequent row in the same result set without the use of a self-join. LEAD provides access to a row at a given physical offset that follows the current row. LAG provides access to a row at a given physical offset that before the current row. Using this analytic function in a SELECT statement, We can compare value of current row with Previous Or Following Rows.
Views: 327 IT Port
Oracle Partition By clause, Oracle Analytic Functions tutorial
 
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Oracle Analytic Functions and Over By Partition clause enable calculating cumulative and moving aggregates returning multiple rows for each group
T-SQL: Over() and Partition By
 
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Show how to use OVER and PARTITION BY to get groups of data with aggregation.
Views: 4735 MidnightDBA
SQL: LEAD Function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lead function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 1783 radhikaravikumar
Oracle PL/SQL On Procedure/Function  - Difference
 
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Oracle PL/SQL On Procedure/Function - Difference
Views: 725 Lead Technologies
SQL: Lag
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lag function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 1901 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Tutorial - range partition step by step part - 1
 
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Hello Friends In this video i'm going to demonstrate you about ORACLE PARTITIONS, How many types of table partition in the oracle. i'm discus with you in this video, For more detail please visit on the www.ocptechnology.com
Views: 6252 OCP Technology
LAG analytical function in plsql.
 
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How to use LAG analytical function in plsql to find the nth nearest record from the top.Watch this pl sql tutorial on lag analytical functions in oracle to find out records with nth lagging values.
Views: 494 Subhroneel Ganguly
FIRST VALUE function in SQL Server
 
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In this video we will discuss FIRST_VALUE function in SQL Server FIRST_VALUE function Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Retrieves the first value from the specified column ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional Syntax : FIRST_VALUE(Column_Name) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) FIRST_VALUE function example WITHOUT partitions : In the following example, FIRST_VALUE function returns the name of the lowest paid employee from the entire table. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, FIRST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS FirstValue FROM Employees FIRST_VALUE function example WITH partitions : In the following example, FIRST_VALUE function returns the name of the lowest paid employee from the respective partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, FIRST_VALUE(Name) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS FirstValue FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/firstvalue-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/firstvalue-function-in-sql-server_6.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 31684 kudvenkat
Window functions in SQL Server
 
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sql server window function example window function sql server example sql server rows range clause sql server rows between 1 preceding and 1 following In this video we will discuss window functions in SQL Server In SQL Server we have different categories of window functions Aggregate functions - AVG, SUM, COUNT, MIN, MAX etc.. Ranking functions - RANK, DENSE_RANK, ROW_NUMBER etc.. Analytic functions - LEAD, LAG, FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE etc... OVER Clause defines the partitioning and ordering of a rows (i.e a window) for the above functions to operate on. Hence these functions are called window functions. The OVER clause accepts the following three arguments to define a window for these functions to operate on. ORDER BY : Defines the logical order of the rows PARTITION BY : Divides the query result set into partitions. The window function is applied to each partition separately. ROWSor RANGE clause : Further limits the rows within the partition by specifying start and end points within the partition. The default for ROWS or RANGE clause is RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW Let us understand the use of ROWS or RANGE clause with an example. Compute average salary and display it against every employee We might think the following query would do the job. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary) AS Average FROM Employees As you can see from the result, the above query does not produce the overall salary average. It produces the average of the current row and the rows preceeding the current row. This is because, the default value of ROWS or RANGE clause (RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) is applied. To fix this, provide an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause as shown below. ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING tells the window function to operate on the set of rows starting from the first row in the partition to the last row in the partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS Average FROM Employees The same result can also be achieved by using RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING Well, what is the difference between ROWS and RANGE We will discuss this in a later video The following query can be used if you want to compute the average salary of 1. The current row 2. One row PRECEDING the current row and 3. One row FOLLOWING the current row SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, AVG(Salary) OVER(ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN 1 PRECEDING AND 1 FOLLOWING) AS Average FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/window-functions-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/window-functions-in-sql-server_7.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 54783 kudvenkat
SQL Tutorial for beginners What is LEAD Function in Oracle
 
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What is LEAD Function in Oracle SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 128 TechLake
[SQL] Lead & Lag Window Function
 
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This tutorial will walk you through SQL server on using the Lead or Lag function. Adding this to your SQL select statement, it can output you the previous/next data value in the partition. This is very useful when wanting to see a particular data value a customer had prior to making a change. Github Script: https://github.com/ProfessorPitch/ProfessorPitch/blob/master/SQL/Window%20Functions/Lead%20Lag%20Exercise.sql Lag: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/functions/lag-transact-sql?view=sql-server-2017 Lead: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/t-sql/functions/lead-transact-sql?view=sql-server-2017
Views: 58 ProfessorPitch
Lead Lag operators SQL
 
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Views: 223 Shivam Tyagi
What the PARTITION BY clause does in Analytic Functions Oracle SQL
 
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In this tutorial video we will learn how to use PARTITION BY clause in Analytic Functions Oracle SQL
Views: 1694 Spod ssppoodd
How to Code Oracle Analytic Functions
 
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Many more free Oracle Database and SQL tutorials at http://skillbuilders.com/free-oracle-tutorials. SQL is a language that allows you to perform queries to answer a wide range of questions about your data. While standard SQL is quite powerful, there are many questions that it cannot answer at all or that it can only answer with complex and inefficient SQL workarounds. Questions about running totals, percent of total, and ranking within a group fall into this area. Also, more complex issues such as Top-N within a group and aggregates over a range also fall in this arena. These questions can be easily answered via a new class of SQL statements called Analytic Functions. This presentation will show you how to use Oracle's Analytic Function extensions to SQL to answer these questions simply and efficiently.
Views: 25904 SkillBuilders
KISS series on Analytics: 17 The LAG / LEAD clauses
 
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Welcome to the KISS video series. Solving problems that typically required complicated SQL in the past, that can now be easily solved with Analytic SQL syntax. In this session, we look at the lag and lead functions. The sample problem we'll solve is: Collapsing repeated rows in an order history table to show only the days where the order changed status Scripts: https://livesql.oracle.com/apex/livesql/file/content_CZUCT0MCOQZMJM7TI553HC8S9.html Watch the entire Analytics playlist at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJMaoEWvHwFJDyhMLCkNSSUQWw9waFkIj ========================================­­­============== Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 986 Connor McDonald
Oracle Tutorial || Oracle|Adv Sql | Analytical Functions Part-1 by basha
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
PARTITION BY in Oracle SQL  | Oracle SQL Tutorials | By Mr.Murali
 
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PARTITION BY in Oracle SQL | Oracle SQL Tutorials | By Mr.Murali ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] ►Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5.Share Video's of each and every session. Check The Below Links: ►For Course Reg : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/
Views: 4172 Naresh i Technologies
LAST VALUE function in SQL Server
 
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last_value function in sql server 2008 sql server last_value function returns incorrect data sql server last_value function example sql server last_value function with partition example LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server In this video we will discuss LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server. LAST_VALUE function Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Retrieves the last value from the specified column ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional ROWS or RANGE clause is optional, but for it to work correctly you may have to explicitly specify a value Syntax : LAST_VALUE(Column_Name) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAST_VALUE function not working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function does not return the name of the highest paid employee. This is because we have not specified an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause. As a result it is using it's default value RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee as expected. Notice we have set an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause to ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING This tells the LAST_VALUE function that it's window starts at the first row and ends at the last row in the result set. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function example with partitions : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee from the respective partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server_9.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html Full SQL Server Course https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4cyC4G0M1RQ_Rm52cQ4CcOJ_T_HXeMB4 All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 31346 kudvenkat
FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE Analytic Functions in Oracle Database
 
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FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE in Oracle Database Oracle FIRST Function Oracle last Function
Views: 35 Adam Tech
Analytical Functions | ORACLE/ SQL
 
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Analytical Functions are used in ORACLE/SQL ..... RANK,DENSE_RANK, LEAD,LAG,AND LISTTAG ARE ANALYTICAL FUNCTIONS
Views: 9059 Adam Tech
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions - Calculate Running Totals, Averages
 
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Another fantastic SQL Tutorial brought to you by BeardedDev. If you are new to working with Window Functions check out this video: https://youtu.be/H6OTMoXjNiM In this video we learn how to use Window Functions to calculate running totals and running averages. This video teaches about Window Frames: Rows Range Preceding Current Row Following Window Frames are a filtered portion of a partition. Window Functions were first introduced in SQL Server 2005 but further enhancements and support was added in SQL Server 2012. Window Functions can only be included within SELECT or ORDER BY clauses. Functions Available: Aggregate - COUNT, SUM, MIN, MAX, AVG Ranking - ROW_NUMBER, RANK, DENSE_RANK, NTILE Offset - FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE, LEAD, LAG Statistical - PERCENT_RANK, CUME_DIST, PERCENTILE_CONT, PERCENTILE_DIST Windows Functions also have FRAMES ROWS RANGE Window Functions are a powerful tool within SQL Server and I am excited to bring more videos and tutorials working with Window Functions in the future. SQL: SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS BETWEEN 1 PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS BETWEEN 2 PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS UNBOUNDED PRECEDING) AS [Running Total] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Sales_Total , SUM(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS UNBOUNDED PRECEDING) AS [Running Total] , CAST(AVG(Sales_Total) OVER(ORDER BY Sales_Date ROWS UNBOUNDED PRECEDING) AS DECIMAL(8, 2)) AS [Running Average] FROM dbo.Sales_2 WHERE Sales_Cust_Id = 3 ORDER BY Sales_Date
Views: 2142 BeardedDev
SQL: Analytical Functions
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use the analytical functions..
Views: 35587 radhikaravikumar
Over clause in SQL Server
 
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over partition by in sql server 2008 sql server over clause partition partition by clause in sql server 2008 over partition by clause in sql In this video we will discuss the power and use of Over clause in SQL Server. The OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY is used to break up data into partitions. Syntax : function (...) OVER (PARTITION BY col1, Col2, ...) The specified function operates for each partition. For example : COUNT(Gender) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender) will partition the data by GENDER i.e there will 2 partitions (Male and Female) and then the COUNT() function is applied over each partition. Any of the following functions can be used. Please note this is not the complete list. COUNT(), AVG(), SUM(), MIN(), MAX(), ROW_NUMBER(), RANK(), DENSE_RANK() etc. Example : SQl Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go Write a query to retrieve total count of employees by Gender. Also in the result we want Average, Minimum and Maximum salary by Gender. This can be very easily achieved using a simple GROUP BY query as show below. SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender What if we want non-aggregated values (like employee Name and Salary) in result set along with aggregated values You cannot include non-aggregated columns in the GROUP BY query. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender The above query will result in the following error : Column 'Employees.Name' is invalid in the select list because it is not contained in either an aggregate function or the GROUP BY clause One way to achieve this is by including the aggregations in a subquery and then JOINING it with the main query as shown in the example below. Look at the amount of T-SQL code we have to write. SELECT Name, Salary, Employees.Gender, Genders.GenderTotals, Genders.AvgSal, Genders.MinSal, Genders.MaxSal FROM Employees INNER JOIN (SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender) AS Genders ON Genders.Gender = Employees.Gender Better way of doing this is by using the OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(Gender) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MaxSal FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server_29.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 80288 kudvenkat
What is a Hash Partition in Oracle
 
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What is a Hash Partition in Oracle SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 712 TechLake
Lead And Lag Functions in sql server
 
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Lead and Lag functions in Sql Server
Views: 657 Techie Savy
How to Achieve Lag Functionality | Informatica
 
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Lag Analytical Function to Achieve in Informatica
Views: 874 Adam Tech
ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic
 
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ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic FIRST_VALUE last_VALUE row_number() --FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE Analytic Functions select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , min(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , FIRST_VALUE(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , max(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , last_VALUE(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees order by HIRE_DATE drop table student_exam_result; CREATE TABLE student_exam_result (student_id number, exame_name varchar2(100), exame_try number, exame_results number ); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',2,66); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',3,20); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',1,66); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',2,null); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',3,7); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',2,98); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',3,null); select * from student_exam_result select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade, max(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) max_grade, avg(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) avg_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try ------------------------ select employee_id,first_name ,row_number() over(order by employee_id ) from employees select employee_id,first_name ,rownum from employees select employee_id,first_name ,department_id, row_number() over(partition by department_id order by employee_id ) from employees
Views: 561 khaled alkhudari
KISS series on Analytics: 18 Lag, Lead - Dealing with null
 
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Welcome to the KISS video series. Solving problems that typically required complicated SQL in the past, that can now be easily solved with Analytic SQL syntax. In this session, we look at using our IGNORE NULLS extension for lag and lead to solve the "fill in the gaps" problem when rows are missing data. Scripts: https://livesql.oracle.com/apex/livesql/file/content_C0SXW1PG37G8REE0VTQH5LXJ8.html Watch the entire Analytics playlist at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJMaoEWvHwFJDyhMLCkNSSUQWw9waFkIj ========================================­­============== Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 549 Connor McDonald
SQL: Rank & Dense_rank functions
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between rank() and dense_rank() functions..
Views: 26078 radhikaravikumar

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