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Oracle Locks Explained Part 1
 
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Oracle Locks explained. How to Kill a User session in oracle database- Neway IT Solutions
Views: 2042 NewayITSolutions LLC
02 Shared Lock & Exclusive Lock In oracle database table lock
 
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Purpose Use the LOCK TABLE statement to lock one or more tables, table partitions, or table subpartitions in a specified mode. This lock manually overrides automatic locking and permits or denies access to a table or view by other users for the duration of your operation. Some forms of locks can be placed on the same table at the same time. Other locks allow only one lock for a table. A locked table remains locked until you either commit your transaction or roll it back, either entirely or to a savepoint before you locked the table. A lock never prevents other users from querying the table. A query never places a lock on a table. Readers never block writers and writers never block readers. See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for a complete description of the interaction of lock modes COMMIT ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT Prerequisites The table or view must be in your own schema or you must have the LOCK ANY TABLE system privilege, or you must have any object privilege on the table or view. ROW SHARE ROW SHARE permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits users from locking the entire table for exclusive access. ROW SHARE is synonymous with SHARE UPDATE, which is included for compatibility with earlier versions of Oracle Database. ROW EXCLUSIVE ROW EXCLUSIVE is the same as ROW SHARE, but it also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting. SHARE UPDATE See ROW SHARE. SHARE SHARE permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE is used to look at a whole table and to allow others to look at rows in the table but to prohibit others from locking the table in SHARE mode or from updating rows. EXCLUSIVE EXCLUSIVE permits queries on the locked table but prohibits any other activity on it. NOWAIT Specify NOWAIT if you want the database to return control to you immediately if the specified table, partition, or table subpartition is already locked by another user. In this case, the database returns a message indicating that the table, partition, or subpartition is already locked by another user. WAIT Use the WAIT clause to indicate that the LOCK TABLE statement should wait up to the specified number of seconds to acquire a DML lock. There is no limit on the value of integer. If you specify neither NOWAIT nor WAIT, then the database waits indefinitely until the table is available, locks it, and returns control to you. When the database is executing DDL statements concurrently with DML statements, a timeout or deadlock can sometimes result. The database detects such timeouts and deadlocks and returns an error.
Views: 840 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
Oracle DBA - Solve Long Running Query & TX Row Lock Contention | Performance Tuning
 
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How to Solve Row Lock Contention in Oracle Database - Performance Tuning - Oracle DBA Solve Row Lock Contention & Long Running Query in Oracle Database - Performance Tuning Oracle DBA - Performance Tuning Row Lock Contention Please Like, Comment, Subscribe and Share... Boxcut Media.
Views: 6283 BoxCut Media
Lock and Unlock table statistics in Oracle Database
 
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Lock and Unlock table statistics in Oracle Database
Oracle Database Lock Mode
 
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Tipe – tipe lock yang terdapat di oracle database
Views: 179 Muhammad Umar
Table Locking ( MySQL ) - Tutorial
 
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Table locking is an existing query in mysql, where this query is used to lock the table at the time the user or admin wants to perform INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE. This query is run when a database resides on the server and there are few users who can access the database.So in order to avoid conflicting data during INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE then use Table Locking. - Introduction : 0:00 - Coding : 0:52
Views: 6730 Muhammad Ikram
Oracle Midlands #13: All About Table Locks - Franck Pachot
 
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Timestamps: 0:45 - Basics 5:03 - TX lock demo 9:30 - TM lock info 21:04 - Foreign key index demo 28:48 - 10g, 11g, 12c locking differences 41:50 - New online operations in 12c 46:26 - Event 10704 trace 50:34 - Deadlock demo 53:42 - Q&A Franck discusses different types of locking scenarios to consider with your systems. The slides are available at: Google: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B0DLaAfeW6uKZmJ3TXE0WGtLYlE Dropbox: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/9koxoemak8ts7j6/AADozVVYLoK_FdDZbQGC6TYta This event was sponsored by Red Stack Technology (http://redstacktechnology.com/). See more events at http://OracleMidlands.com/ Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. "Fair Dealing" under UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Views: 738 Oracle Midlands
Oracle username and password and Account unlocking
 
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all education purpose videos
Views: 273370 Chandra Shekhar Reddy
oracle in select
 
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oracle in select
Views: 452 Prakash Mishra
sql lock
 
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Views: 73 man-han Tsai
Oracle Database Users / User Management (Simple)
 
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Create, Alter, Drop, Grant Rights, Default Tablespace, Temporary Tablespace, Quota Setup, View Users Information, Lock / Unlock user account select username,account_status,default_tablespace, temporary_tablespace,created from dba_users; create user myuser identified by myuser; alter user myuser quota unlimited on mytbs; alter user myuser quota 100m on mytbs; alter user temporary tablespace temp; alter user myuser default tablespace mytbs; alter user myuser accout unlock; alter user myuser account lock; alter user myuser password expire; alter user myuser identified by youuser; create user myuser identified by myuser default tablespace users temporary tablespace temp quota unlimited on users; grant create session, resource to myuser; grant create session, resource to myuser with grant option; drop user asif; drop user asif cascade;
Views: 41152 Abbasi Asif
Oracle Locks and Lock Trees
 
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Rows Locks and sessions waiting in a "tree order" on Row Locks in Oracle
Views: 209 Hemant K Chitale
14 11  Explicit Row Locking with InnoDB
 
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MYSQL 5 DEVELOPMENT
Views: 3864 Miszkoxxx
Difference between blocking and deadlocking
 
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deadlock vs blocking sql server In this video we will discuss the difference between blocking and deadlocking. This is one of the common SQL Server interview question. Let us understand the difference with an example. SQL Script to create the tables and populate them with test data Create table TableA ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableA values ('Mark') Go Create table TableB ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableB values ('Mary') Go Blocking : Occurs if a transaction tries to acquire an incompatible lock on a resource that another transaction has already locked. The blocked transaction remains blocked until the blocking transaction releases the lock. Example : Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. Notice that Transaction 2 is blocked by Transaction 1. Transaction 2 is allowed to move forward only when Transaction 1 completes. --Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA set Name='Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 Waitfor Delay '00:00:10' Commit Transaction --Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableA set Name='Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 Commit Transaction Deadlock : Occurs when two or more transactions have a resource locked, and each transaction requests a lock on the resource that another transaction has already locked. Neither of the transactions here can move forward, as each one is waiting for the other to release the lock. So in this case, SQL Server intervenes and ends the deadlock by cancelling one of the transactions, so the other transaction can move forward. Example : Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. Notice that there is a deadlock between Transaction 1 and Transaction 2. -- Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the first update statement Update TableB Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the second update statement Commit Transaction -- Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableB Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 1 window execute the second update statement Update TableA Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- After a few seconds notice that one of the transactions complete -- successfully while the other transaction is made the deadlock victim Commit Transaction Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?sort=dd&view=1 Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/difference-between-blocking-and.html
Views: 71182 kudvenkat
How to use partitioning to improve performance of large tables
 
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In this video we cover in much more detail the improvement in performance that can be achieved by using partitioning. MS SQL server databases can scale well using this feature. We cover how partitioning a table gives similar performance as a single table with a clustered index, we then explore how adding NC index improve performance of the heap table as well as the partitioned table.
Views: 18286 Jayanth Kurup
Oracle Locks Part2  Killing a User Session
 
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Oracle Locks Part 2- Killing a User session- Neway IT Solutions
03 Dead Lock in oracle database
 
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DML Locks DML locks or data locks guarantee the integrity of data being accessed concurrently by multiple users. DML locks help to prevent damage caused by interference from simultaneous conflicting DML or DDL operations. By default, DML statements acquire both table-level locks and row-level locks. The reference for each type of lock or lock mode is the abbreviation used in the Locks Monitor from Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM). For example, OEM might display TM for any table lock within Oracle rather than show an indicator for the mode of table lock (RS or SRX). Row Locks (TX) Row-level locks serve a primary function to prevent multiple transactions from modifying the same row. Whenever a transaction needs to modify a row, a row lock is acquired by Oracle. There is no hard limit on the exact number of row locks held by a statement or transaction. Also, unlike other database platforms, Oracle will never escalate a lock from the row level to a coarser granular level. This row locking ability provides the DBA with the finest granular level of locking possible and, as such, provides the best possible data concurrency and performance for transactions. The mixing of multiple concurrency levels of control and row level locking means that users face contention for data only whenever the same rows are accessed at the same time. Furthermore, readers of data will never have to wait for writers of the same data rows. Writers of data are not required to wait for readers of these same data rows except in the case of when a SELECT... FOR UPDATE is used. Writers will only wait on other writers if they try to update the same rows at the same point in time. In a few special cases, readers of data may need to wait for writers of the same data. For example, concerning certain unique issues with pending transactions in distributed database environments with Oracle. Transactions will acquire exclusive row locks for individual rows that are using modified INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements and also for the SELECT with the FOR UPDATE clause. Modified rows are always locked in exclusive mode with Oracle so that other transactions do not modify the row until the transaction which holds the lock issues a commit or is rolled back. In the event that the Oracle database transaction does fail to complete successfully due to an instance failure, then Oracle database block level recovery will make a row available before the entire transaction is recovered. The Oracle database provides the mechanism by which row locks acquire automatically for the DML statements mentioned above. Whenever a transaction obtains row locks for a row, it also acquires a table lock for the corresponding table. Table locks prevent conflicts with DDL operations that would cause an override of data changes in the current transaction. Table Locks (TM) What are table locks in Oracle? Table locks perform concurrency control for simultaneous DDL operations so that a table is not dropped in the middle of a DML operation, for example. When Oracle issues a DDL or DML statement on a table, a table lock is then acquired. As a rule, table locks do not affect concurrency of DML operations. Locks can be acquired at both the table and sub-partition level with partitioned tables in Oracle. A transaction acquires a table lock when a table is modified in the following DML statements: INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, SELECT with the FOR UPDATE clause, and LOCK TABLE. These DML operations require table locks for two purposes: to reserve DML access to the table on behalf of a transaction and to prevent DDL operations that would conflict with the transaction. Any table lock prevents the acquisition of an exclusive DDL lock on the same table, and thereby prevents DDL operations that require such locks. For example, a table cannot be altered or dropped if an uncommitted transaction holds a table lock for it. A table lock can be held in any of several modes: row share (RS), row exclusive (RX), share (S), share row exclusive (SRX), and exclusive (X). The restrictiveness of a table lock's mode determines the modes in which other table locks on the same table can be obtained and held.
Views: 237 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
Lock Escalation in SQL Server
 
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Click here to Subscribe to IT PORT Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMjmoppveJ3mwspLKXYbVlg Lock Escalation is the Converting Process of Many fine-grain locks (Row Level) into fewer coarse-grain locks (Table Level, Page Level), reducing system overhead while increasing the probability of Concurrency contention Every lock needs some bytes of Memory. When SQL is going to change a lot of rows, Engine will acquire lot of Row level locks and it takes huge memory for it and having multiple queries locking different parts of the table creates the possibility for deadlock if one process is waiting on another. To avoid this SQL Server implements Lock Escalation
Views: 885 IT Port
Module 1- Introduction to Oracle Database
 
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Hello viewers, We are starting our section on professional courses and for which we are starting our course material which is based on the Oracle Database, Please refer to the description below for knowing which topics will be covered in Oracle DBA Installation Module 1 – Introduction to Database • Introduction to Database • How ORACLE DB does it • Unix kernal Module 2 – Physical Database Structure • Physical Database Structure • Control files • Key information of files • Redo log files Module 3 – Oracle Storage structures • Oracle Storage structures • Table statement • How to check “create table” • Schemas and schema objects • Data blocks • Extents • Segments Module 4 – Memory & Process Architecture • Memory & Process Architecture • Instance/Memory structures • Shared pool • Buffer Cache • Redo Log Buffer • Process Architecture • Background process Module 5 – Background Process, Alert & Trace files • Background Process, Alert & Trace files • Alert • Trace files Module 6 – Database Startup & Serving User Requests • Database Startup & Serving User Requests • Offline backup • Standby Database Module 12 – Oracle Recovery Manager (RMAN) • Oracle Recovery Manager (RMAN) • Data pump export & import • SQL loader • External table Module 13 – Data dictionary & Dynamic Performance Tables • Data dictionary & Dynamic Performance Tables • Dynamic performance Tables • Typical day ORACLE DBA Module 14 – Introduction to Database Tuning • Introduction to Database Tuning • Monitor space usage • Monitor SQL scripts • Data base tuning • SQL tuning • Table Statistics • Index statistics • Index Selectivity • Chained Rows • Locks Module 15 – Introduction to Database Tuning Continued • Introduction to Database Tuning Continued • Tuning Shared pool • Data dictionary performance • Data dictionary tuning • PL/SQL code • Code reuse • Data base Buffer • Buffer cache hit Ratio • Code reuse • Database Startup • User process, Server process Module 7 – Database Security • Database Security • Process of “Create User” • Alter & Drop User • Resource Limits & profiles • Auditing Module 8 – Schema Objects • Schema Objects • Types of schema objects • How table data is stored • Temporary Tables • External Tables Module 9 – Schema Object Continued • Schema Object Continued • Materialized View • Sequence Generator • Indexes • B-Tree index structure • Cluster/Hash Cluster • Data concurrency & consistency • Locking • Deadlocks Module 10 – Oracle Network Environment • Oracle Network Environment • How to connect your database • Network environment of ORACLE • Database link Module 11 – Oracle Backup & Recovery Concepts • Oracle Backup & Recovery Concepts • Standby database • Testing • Media recovery options so in today's video, we will be discussing Module -1 The Introduction to Oracle Database. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For downloading notes in PDF format please visit my Blog https://thedynamicstudy.blogspot.com/ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Please go through the video and don't forget to share your views and subscribe the channel to keep the content open and reachable to students. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- keep on watching, keep on learning! #dynamicstudy -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "OCTAPACE - Detailed Explanation in Hindi" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_4WET6y49c -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 44 Dynamic Study
SQL Server deadlock example
 
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Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/08/sql-server-deadlock-example.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/08/sql-server-deadlock-example_25.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists When can a deadlock occur In a database, a deadlock occurs when two or more processes have a resource locked, and each process requests a lock on the resource that another process has already locked. Neither of the transactions here can move forward, as each one is waiting for the other to release the lock. When deadlocks occur, SQL Server will choose one of processes as the deadlock victim and rollback that process, so the other process can move forward. The transaction that is chosen as the deadlock victim will produce the following error. Msg 1205, Level 13, State 51, Line 1 Transaction (Process ID 57) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction. SQL script to create the tables and populate them with test data Create table TableA ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableA values ('Mark') Go Create table TableB ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableB values ('Mary') Go The following 2 transactions will result in a dead lock. Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. -- Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the first update statement Update TableB Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the second update statement Commit Transaction -- Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableB Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 1 window execute the second update statement Update TableA Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- After a few seconds notice that one of the transactions complete -- successfully while the other transaction is made the deadlock victim Commit Transaction Next Video : We will discuss the criteria SQL Server uses to choose a deadlock victim
Views: 59559 kudvenkat
01 Oracle database Table lock
 
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Purpose Use the LOCK TABLE statement to lock one or more tables, table partitions, or table subpartitions in a specified mode. This lock manually overrides automatic locking and permits or denies access to a table or view by other users for the duration of your operation. Some forms of locks can be placed on the same table at the same time. Other locks allow only one lock for a table. A locked table remains locked until you either commit your transaction or roll it back, either entirely or to a savepoint before you locked the table. A lock never prevents other users from querying the table. A query never places a lock on a table. Readers never block writers and writers never block readers. See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for a complete description of the interaction of lock modes COMMIT ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT Prerequisites The table or view must be in your own schema or you must have the LOCK ANY TABLE system privilege, or you must have any object privilege on the table or view. ROW SHARE ROW SHARE permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits users from locking the entire table for exclusive access. ROW SHARE is synonymous with SHARE UPDATE, which is included for compatibility with earlier versions of Oracle Database. ROW EXCLUSIVE ROW EXCLUSIVE is the same as ROW SHARE, but it also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting. SHARE UPDATE See ROW SHARE. SHARE SHARE permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE is used to look at a whole table and to allow others to look at rows in the table but to prohibit others from locking the table in SHARE mode or from updating rows. EXCLUSIVE EXCLUSIVE permits queries on the locked table but prohibits any other activity on it. NOWAIT Specify NOWAIT if you want the database to return control to you immediately if the specified table, partition, or table subpartition is already locked by another user. In this case, the database returns a message indicating that the table, partition, or subpartition is already locked by another user. WAIT Use the WAIT clause to indicate that the LOCK TABLE statement should wait up to the specified number of seconds to acquire a DML lock. There is no limit on the value of integer. If you specify neither NOWAIT nor WAIT, then the database waits indefinitely until the table is available, locks it, and returns control to you. When the database is executing DDL statements concurrently with DML statements, a timeout or deadlock can sometimes result. The database detects such timeouts and deadlocks and returns an error.
Views: 741 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
SQL: Delete Vs Truncate Vs Drop
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between delete/drop and truncate. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 64046 radhikaravikumar
SQL: Extract function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of extract function. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 3795 radhikaravikumar
Simplified DBA-019-Data Concurrency and Locks
 
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DATA CONCURRENCY More than one user connections ( session ) can access same data. For example user1 and user2 can view same employee information at the same time. But not two users can modify same data in one time. This is maintained by oracle lock mechanism. Before the database allows a session to modify data, the session must first lock the data that is being modified. A lock gives the session exclusive control over the data so that no other transaction can modify the locked data until the lock is released. Transactions can lock individual rows of data, multiple rows, or even entire tables. Oracle Database supports both manual and automatic locking. Automatically acquired locks always choose the lowest possible level of locking to minimize potential conflicts with other transactions. Demo: User1 is modifying an employee. User1 session will acquire a lock on the row. Same time user2 is trying to modify same employee. Since User1 has acquired lock, user2 has to wait until user1 releases the lock. Manual locking is possible. A user can place a lock manually as follows: LOCK TABLE mytable1 IN EXCLUSIVE MODE; With the preceding statement, any other transaction that tries to update a row in the locked table must wait until the transaction that issued the lock request completes. EXCLUSIVE is the strictest lock mode. The following are the other lock modes: ROW SHARE: Permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits sessions from locking the entire table for exclusive access ROW EXCLUSIVE: Is the same as ROW SHARE, but also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. The ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting data. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks allow multiple readers and one writer. SHARE: Permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. A SHARE lock is required (and automatically requested) to create an index on a table. However, online index creation requires a ROW SHARE lock that is used when building the index.
Connect Excel to Oracle Database
 
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How to connect an Oracle Database to Microsoft Excel. https://www.elance.com/s/edtemb/
Views: 99326 i_marketing
Understanding Locking in SQL Server - SQL Server Tutorial
 
25:54
In this video you will understand what is locking in SQL Server? video gives brief overview Following: What is Resource types in locking of SQL Server? What is Lock Modes in SQL Server? It gives live view of looking at different type of lock modes as well as the resources types where the locks are placed. It describes in greater detail about RID, Key, Page, Extent, Table and DB Resource types in SQL Server Locking concept. It also explains Shared Locks, Update Lock, Exclusive Locks, Intent Lock, Schema Lock and Bulk Update locks in SQL Server. Blog post link for the video with script http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2015/04/understanding-locking-in-sql-server-sql.html Complete Step by Step List for DBA Tutorial Videos: http://sqlage.blogspot.com/search/label/SQL%20Sever%202014%20DBA%20Video%20Tutorial
Views: 56199 TechBrothersIT
Understanding RID Lock Part 1 in sql server
 
05:01
RID LOcking Demo : CReate table Demo_lock(Id int,name varchar(1000)) select * from Demo_lock go insert into Demo_lock select 1,'Shrikant' go begin transaction insert into Demo_lock select 2,'Demo'
Views: 527 SqlIsEasy
MySQL Chapter 17 - Locks
 
03:37
Views: 2464 Suresh Kumar
PL/SQL: Object Type
 
08:31
In this tutorial, you'll learn what is a object type in sql/plsql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12840 radhikaravikumar
How to Easily Identifying Oracle Locks
 
02:10
How to Easily Identifying Oracle Locks. For more information, please go to: http://www.embarcadero.com/products/dbartisan-xe
Views: 2030 DBPowerStudio
Oracle - The SELECT clause - Beginner
 
10:04
Oracle - The SELECT clause - Beginner
Views: 529 Chris Ostrowski
SQL:Max/Min Functions
 
03:38
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use max min functions in sql queries. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4221 radhikaravikumar
Hints and Tips - Avoiding never ending locks - part 1
 
05:52
Row locking is a critical component of ensuring the integrity of your data inside the database. But locks of extended duration can easily create system-wide problems in your applications. This quick tip gives you some ideas for handling locks better. ====================================================== Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 1129 Connor McDonald
Move tables between databases PostgreSQL with a DBLINK
 
03:51
Move tables between databases PostgreSQL with a DBLINK do $$ declare r record ; begin for r in select * from dblink ('host=localhost user=postgres password=password dbname=source', 'select indexdef from pg_indexes where tablename = ''mytable''') as linktable ( indexdef text ) loop execute r.indexdef; end loop; end $$
Views: 3834 randomtutorial
SQLDay 2015 | DBA | From Locks to Dead-locks. Concurrency in SQL Server - Andreas Wolter
 
55:42
In this session we take a look at essential mechanisms inside SQL Server, which influence administrators as well as developers and should be known thoroughly. Why does SQL Server have to lock objects, which effects does this have (performance and data integrity) and how we can influence these things. · can indexes prevent locking? · why is NOLOCK not a good idea when dealing with critical data? · when and what happens at Lock-Escalation? · what does table-design have to do with blocking? · why everyone should know error number 1205 – how deadlocks can occur and what can prevent them? · how is „optimistic concurrency“ implemented in SQL Server? As usual: lots of (code) demos
Views: 2829 PLSSUG
Microservices: Get Rid of Your DBA and Send the DB into Burnout
 
39:03
Franck Pachot, Database Engineer, CERN The database is always a problem: it is a single point of failure for applications; it makes any continuous integration/delivery impossible; the DBA is a drag on your agile developments; and any interaction with the database is done with unmaintainable, complex, old-style SQL queries. Those are the reasons why modern architects want to get all code out of the database and even the data moved out to caches, local to CQRS microservices. But there are drawbacks with this approach, and doing it incorrectly may show the worst once implemented. This session focuses on the antipatterns and shows, with facts and measurements, what can be wrong in the implementation. This knowlege may help you design your applications with scalability in mind.
Views: 313 Oracle Developers
Query Tuning with tkprof
 
14:57
Demonstration of generating Oracle trace files and then turning these into tuning reports with the tkprof utility.
Views: 54760 Stephen Frein
Last DBA Office Hours before OpenWorld
 
58:56
We're heading into OpenWorld season with this month's DBA Office Hours. We preview OpenWorld and how to get the best out of it, as well as covering - issues with the MERGE command - flashback database - unusual blocking locks - when EXPLAIN PLAN drops table from view blog: https://connor-mcdonald.com twitter: https://twitter.com/connor_mc_d https://developer.oracle.com/ https://cloud.oracle.com/en_US/tryit
Views: 129 Oracle Developers
Intent - Locks in SQL Server - Part 6 Tamil
 
06:53
Click here to Subscribe to IT PORT Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMjmoppveJ3mwspLKXYbVlg The Database Engine uses intent locks to protect placing a shared (S) lock or exclusive (X) lock on a resource lower in the lock hierarchy. Intent locks are named intent locks because they are acquired before a lock at the lower level, and therefore signal intent to place locks at a lower level. Intent locks serve two purposes: --------------------------------------------------- a) To prevent other transactions from modifying the higher-level resource in a way that would invalidate the lock at the lower level. b) To improve the efficiency of the Database Engine in detecting lock conflicts at the higher level of granularity. if a transaction has an exclusive lock on a row, SQL Server places an intent lock on the table. When another transaction requests a lock on a row in the table, SQL Server knows to check the rows to see if they have locks. If a table does not have intent lock, it can issue the requested lock without checking each row for a lock Isolation Level - https://youtu.be/ESET4zuNLoM Script for Active_Locks Function --------------------------------------------------- Create Function Active_locks () returns table return select Top 10000000 case dtl.request_session_id when -2 then 'orphaned distributed transaction' when -3 then 'deferred recovery transaction' else dtl.request_session_id end as spid, db_name(dtl.resource_database_id) as databasename, so.name as lockedobjectname, dtl.resource_type as lockedresource, dtl.request_mode as locktype, es.login_name as loginname, es.host_name as hostname, case tst.is_user_transaction when 0 then 'system transaction' when 1 then 'user transaction' end as user_or_system_transaction, at.name as transactionname, dtl.request_status from sys.dm_tran_locks dtl join sys.partitions sp on sp.hobt_id = dtl.resource_associated_entity_id join sys.objects so on so.object_id = sp.object_id join sys.dm_exec_sessions es on es.session_id = dtl.request_session_id join sys.dm_tran_session_transactions tst on es.session_id = tst.session_id join sys.dm_tran_active_transactions at on tst.transaction_id = at.transaction_id join sys.dm_exec_connections ec on ec.session_id = es.session_id cross apply sys.dm_exec_sql_text(ec.most_recent_sql_handle) as st where resource_database_id = db_id() order by dtl.request_session_id Explained in Tamil
Views: 148 IT Port
Destiny 2 - Trade With Secret CATS - Locations x3 - Dreaming City Loot / Forsaken
 
05:10
Secret Cats are all over the Dreaming city, they give you epic rewards!! Today I bring you the location of 3 I've found so far! ►LIKE ►COMMENT ►SUBSCRIBE ►PRESS THE BELL BUTTON Controller Giveaway - https://goo.gl/TsFfYL DLCGNinja: https://www.twitch.tv/dlcgninja https://t.co/1N5tsX6NBS Coolshadesdog: https://www.reddit.com/r/DestinyTheGame/comments/9d3nu3/spoiler_secret_cat/ All My Social Media Links! ►Join My Discord - https://discord.gg/RB2muVF ►Subscribe to my channel here - http://goo.gl/qPP7K ►Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/dpjsc08 ►Like my Facebook Page: http://www.facebook.com/YTdpjsc08 ►Follow My Instagram: http://instagram.com/ytdpjsc08 Submit Top 5 Destiny Clips To: ►[email protected] Submit Top5 Fortnite Clips To: ►[email protected] Get A Discount On The Products Below By Using Code "DPJ" ►5% Off - ControllerModz - http://goo.gl/jm3CpZ ►10% Off - X-Gamer Energy Drinks - http://www.x-gamer.co.uk/ ►5% Off - GtOmegaRacing Gaming Chairs, ►UK - http://goo.gl/4fV3RL & USA - http://goo.gl/65hO9M
Views: 222189 DPJ
How to drop all of the objects in a user's recycling bin in oracle database
 
01:58
How to drop all of the objects in a user's recycling bin ========================================================== purge recyclebin how to check the original name of dropped objects in recyclebin =============================================================== select owner,original_name,type from dba_recyclebin; select original_name,type from recyclebin; how to check view on recyclebin =================================================== select table_name from dict where table_name like '%RECYCLE%';
Views: 254 Praveen Biyyapu
SQL: Sequence Generator
 
04:41
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of sequence generator. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 7920 radhikaravikumar
#5. Oracle PL/SQL for Beginners - Select...Into... (Hindi)
 
08:04
JavaScript Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLysly0KYnAY2tLfvp7bCL3c-psMH9Czs6 SQL Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLysly0KYnAY2q8cobbotVbn36XOskQR2F HTML5 Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLysly0KYnAY2_-PqGSrVTgBpVshxpqQlw Mobile Responsive Form using HTML5 & CSS: https://youtu.be/SECTfL3R0B0 MS SQL Server Installation: https://youtu.be/rZRA692RmuU Clock Animation in PowerPoint : https://youtu.be/LM5iwzNqQQo Envelope Animation in PowerPoint : https://youtu.be/HWlqGGleQqs FACEBOOK PAGE https://www.facebook.com/ishwaracademy/
Views: 71 Ishwar Academy
Oracle Sessions Monitoring and Tuning Fundamentals 4 of 4
 
20:49
In this tutorial you will learn how to monitor locks, latches, wait events in oracle.
Views: 1547 DBA Pro
Convert datatypes without downtime!
 
03:06
Made a mistake in your database design? Do you need to change the datatype of a column without inflicting lengthy downtime for your users? It's easier than you think. blog: https://connor-mcdonald.com twitter: https://twitter.com/connor_mc_d Subscribe for new tech videos every week
Views: 239 Connor McDonald
Select and Insert query in SQL | Part 4 | SQL tutorial for beginners | Tech Talk Tricks
 
06:19
Welcome to tech talk tricks and in this video, we will learn about select and insert statement.So stay tuned and watch select and insert query in sql. #TechTalkTricks #RanaSingh The SELECT statement is used to select data from a database. The data returned is stored in a result table, called the result-set. SELECT Syntax: SELECT column1, column2, ...FROM table_name; Here, column1, column2, ... are the field names of the table you want to select data from. If you want to select all the fields available in the table, use the following syntax: SELECT * FROM table_name; At tech talk trick channel you will learn all kind of technology like language,tutorials and amazing computer tips and tricks. insert into table from another table sql server insert into values select sql insert into values insert into sql multiple rows insert into select oracle insert into select mysql insert into table from another table oracle select into sql server ************************************************** Follow Tech Talk Trick on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/techtalktricks ************************************************** Follow tech talk trick on Twitter https://twitter.com/tecktalktrick ************************************************** Follow Tech Talk Tricks on Instagram https://www.instagram.com/techtalktricks ************************************************** Subscribe tech talk tricks on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/techtalktricks *************************************************** 1.How to make your computer start up & shutdown faster https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kSjizTn7MM 2.How To Trace Name/Address/Location Of UnKnown Number Easily https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyYfOP66l1Y 3.How to make web page print-friendly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YPR7JHA0Apk 4.How to Lock Folder Without any software https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhEduEM9pws 5.How to enable undo in Gmail https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1fOwTQ3zJg 6.How To Recover All Deleted, Formatted, Damaged Files https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fl3DX6RBoqo 7.How to make Bootable USB pen drive for Windows https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXJE859pxWg 8.How to Unlock Android Pattern or Pin Lock without losing data https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yN4JnAo7SvU 9.how to track a cell phone location for free https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0kCLyPJ8cM0 10.How to fix or repair pen drive using cmd https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ny4VhM2TsWM 11.how to get wifi password of neighbor https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCFn6IjvnMM 12.How to Send an Email In Future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo84GRHe5Vg 13.How To Setup Wifi Hotspot Without Any Software in Windows 10 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Bzyvs44G50 14.how to download YouTube video without any software https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDfDGY3Be9Y 15.HOW TO SET SHUTDOWN TIMER IN WINDOWS OS (HINDI) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vb5Ou7sc4uk 16.How To Convert Word File (Any File Format) to PDF file (Any File Format) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nd0YtV9MwqQ 17.How To Hide Drive of Computer Using Command Prompt (Hindi) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AddrPKRGdSk
Views: 1339 Tech Talk Tricks
Oracle - Export
 
22:21
Oracle - Export
Views: 11981 Chris Ostrowski
performance tuning
 
18:59
Tracing: Transaction ST12 = Combination of two transactions . SAT (ABAP Trace) , ST05 = SQL Trace SQL Trace: To monitor the database access of reports and transactions. Less common traces : Enqueue Trace: (the locking system),RFC Trace, Table buffer trace: Performance Improvements ABAP Coding: Keep an eye on those loops. Select statements in loops = absolutely avoid = use for all entries instead Function call, or performs in loops = re - visit and see if you can optimize The "READ TABLE" statement Sorted table- Binary search .. Or even better use "Index" on internal tables. Use mass operations on internal table = internal table copy one to another, Append lines of int_fligh1 to int_fligh2. Use field symbols to modify internal table in a loop (minor improvement ) A little trick if you call performs in a loop:: Use static variables Avoid sleep, wait etc commands.. Or synchronous RFC calls 2)Database bottleneck Use Indexes : Make sure Indexes are being used in your select statement (check with trace if needed) Extreme case , create new index (this has the disadvantage of making the insert slower) Select -- End select loop : Usually database optimiser will fix it, still avoid it Select * into corresponding fields = about a millisecond slower Make clever use of inner joins Use views Use (max,min, avg): example : Select max( flightnum ) from flight . GET RUN TIME command Reduce I/O first, then memory, then CPU activity.Field-groups can be useful for multi-level sorting and displaying. However, they write their data to the system's paging space, rather than to memory (internal tables use memory)
Views: 15579 Sourabh Bora
bulk collect and forall in oracle example
 
03:46
DECLARE CURSOR c1 IS SELECT ENAME FROM emp; TYPE lv_emp_name_tbl IS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(50); lv_emp_name lv_emp_name_tbl; BEGIN OPEN c1; FETCH c1 BULK COLLECT INTO lv_emp_name LIMIT 5000; FOR c_emp_name IN lv_emp_name.FIRST .. lv_emp_name.LAST LOOP Dbms_output.put_line('Employee Fetched:' || c_emp_name); END LOOP; FORALL i IN lv_emp_name.FIRST .. lv_emp_name.LAST UPDATE emp SET sal = sal WHERE ename = lv_emp_name(i); COMMIT; Dbms_output.put_line('Salary Updated'); CLOSE c1; END; select * from emp;
Views: 34 Young India

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